Cochlear Implant Selection Criteria

In selecting the most eligible candidate to receive a cochlear implant, the following guidelines are used to help determine candidacy. The client should have:

1. A bilateral profound sensorineural deafness
2. An inability to benefit from powerful hearing aids
3. Psychological suitability
4. Medical suitability

When determining candidacy in children, the child's parents also need to be willing to commit to a certain number of years of aural rehabilitation training. Family members sometimes falsely believe that they can drop their child off to have the surgery, and when they return, they will return to a perfectly normal hearing child. The reality is that an implant, unlike eyeglasses which correct vision, requires the user to learn strategies that will improve their current level of communication. It's very important to understand that receiving a cochlear implant is not an instant cure for the hard of hearing.